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Benjamin Graham: The Father of Value Investing

Benjamin Graham: The Father of Value Investing Benjamin Graham (1894-1976) is widely considered the father of value investing, a fundamental investment approach that involves buying stocks trading at a discount to their intrinsic value. He was also an influential educator, author, and investor who laid the foundation for the investment industry as we know it …



Commodities A commodity is a raw material that is used in the production of goods or services. It is a basic good that is interchangeable with other goods of the same type, and is usually in its unprocessed or preliminary stage. Examples of commodities include agricultural products like wheat, corn, and soybeans, metals such as …


Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds A mutual fund is a type of investment vehicle where a group of investors pool their money together to purchase a diversified portfolio of securities. These securities can include stocks, bonds, and other assets. Depending of the type of mutual fund, they are can be managed by a professional portfolio manager, who makes …


Bank of England (BOE)

Bank of England I. Introduction The Bank of England (BoE) is the central bank of the United Kingdom and one of the oldest central banks in the world. It was established in 1694, and since then, it has played a crucial role in the development and stability of the UK’s financial system. The BoE is …


Financial regulation

Financial regulation I. Introduction Financial regulation is the process of supervising and controlling the financial sector in order to protect the interests of consumers, promote market stability, and ensure that the financial system operates in an ethical and transparent manner. The primary objective of financial regulation is to maintain the stability of the financial system …


Insider Trading

Insider Trading I. What is Insider Trading Insider trading refers to the act of exploiting material, non-public information for personal gain in the purchase or sale of securities thus giving an unfair advantage to the trader. This information is often not yet known to the general public and is only available to a select few, …



Trading I. Introduction Trading, within the financial industry, refers to the act of buying and selling financial assets with the goal of making a profit. Trading is a critical component of the financial world, as it allows individuals and institutions to make investments that can potentially generate returns. There are many different types of trading, …


Stock Buybacks

Stock buybacks I. Introduction Stock buybacks, also known as share repurchases, refer to the purchase of a company’s own outstanding stock with the intention of reducing the number of outstanding shares and increasing the value of the remaining shares. This process of stock buybacks is an important tool in the investment world as it can …



Microeconomics I. Introduction A. Definition of Microeconomics Microeconomics is a branch of economics that focuses on the behavior and decision-making of individuals, firms, and other smaller units of an economy. It analyzes the allocation of limited resources to meet the unlimited wants and needs of individuals and businesses, as well as the impact of these …


Tools & Calculators

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  • Accounting Quickstart Guide, by Josh Baurele
  • Basic Accounting: The Step-By-Step Course in Elementary Accountancy, by Nishat Azmat, Andrew Lymer
  • Accounting All-In-One for Dummies, by Joe Krayak
  • Accounting for Non-Accountants: The Fast and Easy Way to Learn the Basics, by Wayne A. Label
  • FT Guide to Using and Interpreting Company Accounts, by Wendy Mckenzie
  • Forensic Accounting and Fraud Investigation for Non-Experts, by Howard Silverstone, Michael Sheetz
  • Forensic Accounting And Fraud Examination, by Mary-Jo Kranacher, Richard Riley, Joseph T. Wells
  • How To Talk Finance: Getting to grips with the numbers in business, by Ted Wainman
  • The Finance Book: Understand the Numbers Even If You’re Not a Finance Professional, by Stuart Warner
  • FT Guide to Finance for Non-Financial Managers, by Jo Haigh
  • FT Guide to Understanding Finance: A no-nonsense companion to financial tools and techniques, by Javier Estrada
  • The Chief Financial Officer:What CFOs Do, the Influence they Have, and Why it Matters, by Jason Karaian
  • Other People’s Money: The Real Business of Finance, by John Kay
  • The Economist Guide to Financial Management: Principles and practice, by John Tennent
  • Other People’s Money: the Real Business of Finance, by John Kay
  • Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World, by Liaquat Ahamed
  • Security Analysis, by Benjamin Graham and David Dodd
  • Alibaba: The House That Jack Ma Built, by Duncan Clark
  • Amazon Unbound: Jeff Bezos and the Invention of a Global Empire, by Brad Stone
  • Berkshire Hathaway Letters to Shareholders, by Warren Buffet, Max Olson (Editor) , all shareholders letters
  • Built to Last: successful Habit of Visionary Companies, by Jim Collins, Jerry I. Porras
  • Elon Musk: Tesla, Space X, and the Quest for a Fantastic Future, by Ashlee Vance
  • Grinding It Out: The Making of McDonald’s, by Ray Kroc, Robert Anderson
  • How Google Works, by Eric Schmidt, Jonathan Rosenberg
  • Steve Jobs, by Walter Isaacson
  • Made in Japan: Akio Morita and Sony, by Akio Morita, Edwin M. Reingold, Mitsuko Shimomura
  • Sam Walton: Made In America, by Sam Walton, John Huey
  • That Will Never Work: The Birth of Netflix and the Amazing Life of an Idea, by Marc Randolph
  • Shoe Dog: A Memoir By the Creator of Nike, by Phil Knight
  • The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon, by Brad Stone
  • The Pixar Touch: The Making of a Company, by David A. Price
  • Winning, by Jack Welch, Suzy Welch
  • Pour Your Heart Into It: How Starbucks Built a Company One Cup at a Time, by Howard Schultz, Dori Jones Yang
  • Losing My Virginity: How I’ve Survived, Had Fun, and Made a Fortune Doing Business My Way, by Richard Branson
  • Play Nice But Win: A Ceo’s Journey from Founder to Leader, by Michael Dell, James Kaplan

  • The Innovator’s Dilemma, by Clayton Christensen
  • Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, by Michael Porter
  • Why Firms Succeed, by John Kay
  • Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value, by John Kay
  • Hare and the Tortoise: An Informal Guide to Business Strategy, by John Kay
  • Guide to Business Modelling, by John Tennent, Graham Friend
  • Business Strategy: A Guide to Effective Decision-Making, by Jeremy Kourdi
  • The Business of Economics, by John Kay